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Spring 2014


Now What? Two Views Address the Declining Wolf Population at  Isle Royale
by Tracy O’Connell

Wolves and moose living on Isle Royale have been the topic of studies for more than 50 years. As of January 2013 there were only eight wolves with perhaps four females and our males. With extinction possible, various views have been presented concerning what intervention, if any, to  take to stabilize the wolf numbers. Download article.

Where Have All the  Red Wolves Gone?
by Cornelia Hutt

Red wolves were returned to the wild in 1987, following five generations of successful breeding in captivity. The wolves have established a mall but robust population in northeastern North Carolina. But the hard-won success of the recovery years is now threatened by the recent loss of significant numbers of wild red wolves.

Take Only Photos, Leave Only Footprints… Safely
by Elke Duerr

With nearly everyone in the wild armed with some type of camera, questions have surfaced: What kind of conduct is ethical when it comes to wildlife photography, and  what endangers the safety and wellbeing of photographer, wild animal and wildland?

The Grand Bargain:  Time for Revision
Betsy Downey and Bob Landis

In the fall 2013 issue of International Wolf, Mike Jimenez and Steve Grooms described the “grand bargain,” the deal on which wolf reintroduction in the Northern Rockies was based. This article addresses two issues not discussed in the earlier piece: anti-wolf opposition to the “grand bargain” and the  need to revise the bargain  to protect Yellowstone National Park wolves.


From the Executive Director
by Rob Schultz

Just to the west of the Atlantic Ocean beaches of North Carolina’s Outer Banks lives one of the world’s most endangered wolf species, the red wolf.Since being restored to the wild in 1987, red wolves have been making a comeback, with their numbers slowly increasing in this single, small portion of their historical range, which once included the entire southeastern United States. But the rise in gunshot mortality has slowed the population growth, and now, fewer than 100 red wolves live in the wild, all of them in the red wolf restoration region of North Carolina.

Tracking the Pack

A Study of Phenology and  Behavioral Patterns of Wolves
by Lori Schmidt, wolf curator, International Wolf Center

Phenology is defined as the study of plant and animal events influenced by the seasons and variations in climate. Observers have the opportunity to track the changes of the seasons and their influence on wolves, even those in a captive environment.

Wolves of the World

Experts From around the World  Report on Wolves
by Tracy O’Connell

The International Wolf Center symposium held in Duluth, Minnesota, last fall brought together experts from around the world to present research on wolves in their areas of expertise. Some of the reports updated attendees on topics seen in  previous issues of International Wolf. 

Personal Encounter

Predator Diplomacy
Text and photos by Chris Crowe

Last September, I was lucky enough to observe an amazing encounter between wolves and grizzly bears in Yellowstone National Park. Wide awake with anticipation, I arrived in Yellowstone’s Lamar Valley before dawn to join a crowd on the steep slope below Druid Peak. We squinted into the darkness beyond the “confluence”, where the Lamar River and Soda Butte Creek meet, to the spot where a male grizzly bear had stood atop a bison carcass the prior evening. 

Wild Kids

Birthday Girl Raises Money  for Wolves

It’s not every day that a 10-year-old foregoes birthday presents, raises money to support wolves and con-vinces her parents to travel more than  2,000 miles to deliver the donation in person. 

A Look Beyond

Experts Debate Future of Wolf Recovery
Nancy jo Tubbs

At the International Wolf Center’s Wolves and Humans at the Crossroads symposium in Duluth, October 2013, three renowned wolf experts debated the subject of wolf recovery.Mike Phillips, executive director of the Turner Endangered Species Fund, led efforts to restore red wolves to the Southeast and gray wolves to the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and has served on several Mexican wolf recovery teams.