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Spring 2015





In the Long Shadow of the Pyramids and Beyond: Glimpse of an African…Wolf?
By Cheryl Lyn Dybas

Geneticists have found that some of Africa’s golden jackals are members of the gray wolf lineage. Biologists are now asking: how many golden jackals across Africa are a subspecies known as the
African wolf? Are Africa’s golden jackals, in fact, wolves?

The Red Wolf Species Survival Plan: Saving the Red Wolf Through Partnerships
By Jeremy Hooper

In 1967 the number of red wolves was rapidly declining, forcing those remaining to breed with the more abundant coyote or not to breed at all. The rate of hybridization between the two species left little time to prevent red wolf genes from being completely absorbed into the expanding coyote population. The Red Wolf Recovery Program, working with many other organizations, has created awareness and laid a foundation for the future to conserve the species.

Are Gray Wolves Still Endangered?
By Mike Phillips

In December a federal judge ruled that protections be reinstated for gray wolves in the Great Lakes wolf population area, reversing the USFWS’s 2011 delisting decision that allowed states to manage wolves and implement harvest programs for recreational purposes. If biological security is apparently not enough rationale for conservation of the species, then the challenge arises to properly express the ecological value of the species. Download full article.



From the Executive Director
by Rob Schultz

As an education-oriented organization celebrating its 30th year, we’re fascinated with the relationship wolves have with many animal species. Like wolves, birds of prey command interest and reverence worldwide. We’re excited to partner with raptor organizations and experts starting this May to bring a new exhibit for all ages to the International Wolf Center’s interpretive center in Ely, Minnesota.

Tracking the Pack

Looking Toward the Future with an Eye to the Past
by Lori Schmidt, wolf curator, International Wolf Center

As part of the International Wolf Center’s wolf care plan, we have chosen to rotate new pups into the Exhibit Pack every four years. Even though the memories of 2012 pups, Luna and Boltz, seem recent, we are heading toward the 2016 pup introduction. The Center maintains wolves as ambassadors to the wild for the purpose of educating our visitors about the physical and behavioral traits of wolves.

Member Profile

Jen Webb—Finding Strength in a Time of Personal Tragedy
by Darcy Berus, Development Director, International Wolf Center

Anyone who sees Jen Webb’s five wolf tattoos can tell she loves wolves. They’ll hear excitement in her voice when she talks about her discovery of the International Wolf Center. She said, “I was surfing online and found what I thought was an amazing place and all you do to teach people about this misunderstood creature.”

Wolves of the World

Wolves Return to Denmark: A Long Journey, An Even Longer Time
by Tracy O’Connell

Merete Prior writes from Denmark about the arrival of wolves in her country. She spent a week with International Wolf Center staff in the Northwest Territories, and has remained a friend of the Center through the years. She notes that Denmark had not been home to wolves in the wild for several decades. The last wolf was killed in 1813. Nearly 200 years later, in October 2012, a wild wolf was observed in Jylland, also called Jutland, the Danish mainland that shares a border with northern Germany.

Book Review

Excitement, Entertainment, Learning Can Be Shared
by Nancy jo Tubbs

Adults can gain insight into key predator research and the pathway for the migration of imperiled species, while kids can become inspired to care about and work with animals. These awesome animals sometimes frighten, often delight, and always engage readers of all ages.

Personal Encounter

The Red Wolves of the Ozarks
by Steve Weems

Early pioneers to the Ozark hills of Carroll County, Arkansas, recounted wolves as being abundant. According to the book Pioneer Tales by Cora Pinkley-Call, the earliest European settlers to Carroll County had to continually guard their stock against the threat posed by wolves and other predators. At night wolves would “come and pick up the crumbs from where (the settlers) had eaten” in their primitive pioneer camps. The wolves were often described as large and either reddish-gray or black in color. Biologists say it was the red wolf that was found in Carroll County.


Meet the Pack – Grizzer

Grizzer is a Great Plains subspecies of the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus nubilus). He is currently the only wolf in retirement at the International Wolf Center. He was born on May 5, 2004. Grizzer was removed from the Exhibit Pack in March, 2011, after the loss of his littermate, Maya.

A Look Beyond

The Future Holds Challenges for Washington’s Wolves
by Diane Gallegos

After being absent for over 70 years, wolves have been recolonizing in Washington since early 2000 by dispersing from neighboring Idaho, Montana, Oregon and British Columbia. Currently the gray wolf (Canis lupus) is listed and protected as endangered in Washington under state law and protected under the federal Endangered Species Act in the western two-thirds of the state. Wolves in the eastern third were removed from federal protection in 2011.