Wolves of the World
Europe at a glance
Wolves once existed throughout much of Europe. Conflicts with humans and fears originating from religious beliefs, myths and folklore influenced human attitudes towards wolves and, as a result, wolves have been persecuted for hundreds of years.
Currently, wolves are found in many European countries, although range lines are not depicted in the map above. Wolf numbers in Europe are increasing and wolf range is expanding due to the wolf's adaptability, changes in land use, increases in wild prey populations, and conservation efforts.
Current wolf management issues in Europe include persistent conflict between wolves and humans (depredation, poaching) as well as indifference or negative attitudes toward wolves, free-ranging dogs and wolf-dog hybridization, and isolated or small populations of wolves.
Main prey in this region generally consists of ungulate species, including livestock. Legal status, population numbers and trends vary country to country.
Current Wolf Population, Trend, Status
Most recent data available: 2013
Wolf Human Interactions