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Africa at a glance

Gray wolf populations in Africa are minimal with small, endangered populations in Egypt and Ethiopia, based on new genetic findings about the golden jackal  (Canis aureus) which is now thought to be a gray wolf (Canis lupus).  Also in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) is really a jackal.

Species Information

Common name: gray wolf
Latin name: Canis lupus

Artist's rendering of an Egyptian wolf

Artist’s rendering of an Egyptian wolf

Golden Jackal (Canis aureus)

Golden Jackal (Canis aureus)
Photo by Lee R. Berger

Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis)

Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis)

Gray Wolf Region 1 – Egypt
Common name: Egyptian wolf
Latin name: Canis lupus lupaster

Related Species – not currently recognized as a true wolf
Common names: Ethiopian wolf, Abyssinian wolf, ky kebero (Amharic), jedalla farda (Oromo), Simien jackal
Latin name: Canis simensis


Current Wolf Population, Trend, Status
Number of wolves: Unknown
Population trend: Unknown
Legal protection: No protection

Egypt Ethiopia