Canada at a glance
Canada supports the second largest gray wolf population in the world, after Russia. Wolf habitat is diverse in this large country where, historically, wolves ranged in most areas. Currently, wolves in Canada occupy approximately 90 percent of their historic range (range lines not depicted). The 10 percentage without wolves is primarily near the southern border, except near Lake Superior where wolves still live. See individual provinces.
|Gray Wolf Region 1
Common Name: Arctic wolf
Location: Canadian and Alaskan Arctic
|Gray Wolf Region 2
Common Names: Great Lakes wolf, great plains wolf, timber wolf, buffalo wolf
Location: South-central Canada primarily around the Great Lakes
|Gray Wolf Region 3
Common Names: northwestern wolf, Rocky Mountain wolf, McKenzie Valley wolf
Location: Western Canada into Alaska
Species 2 – Under debate within the scientific community
Common Name: eastern wolf, eastern timber wolf
Latin Name: Canis lycaon
Location: Great Lakes Area of United States and Canada, Southeastern Canada
Current Wolf Population, Trend, Status
Number of wolves: 53,600 – 57,600
Population trend: Stable/increasing
Legal status: The gray wolf is a game species in most of Canada. The “Algonquin” or eastern wolf is listed as a Species of Special Concern under Canada’s Species At Risk Act (SARA) and is protected. Approximately 10.5 – 12.3 percent of Canada’s wolf population is harvested annually.
Most recent data available: 2013
- Wolf-Human Incidents in Algonquin Provincial Park, Canada
- The Human Dimensions of Wolf Ecotourism in North America
- A Case History of Wolf-Human Encounters in Alaska and Canada by Mark McNay (2.1MB) you need Adobe Acrobat to view this file – download it free here
- The Fear of Wolves: A Review of Wolf Attacks on Humans (2002) (pdf) This document is available via the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) with a purpose to provide a foundation for the process of reducing people’s fear of wolves, and to make some management recommendations to reduce the risk of attacks. The goal was to compile existing literature and knowledge on wolf attacks on people from Scandinavia, continental Europe, Asia and North America, and to look for patterns in the cases.