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Fun Wolf Facts

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wcs_13_lucas_forestretch Average length
females: 4.5 to 6 feet (tip of nose to tip of tail) 
males: 5 to 6.5 feet
denali_aidan Average height
26 to 32 inches (at the shoulder)
maya_laydown  Average weight 
females: 60 to 80 pounds 
males: 70 to 110 pounds
hand_paw  Average foot size
4 inches wide by 5 inches long
 Unknown Length of Life
up to 13 years in wild (usually 6 to 8 years) 
up to 16 years in captivity

Gray wolves are not always gray in color

Fur color
gray, but can also be black or white
wolfskull  Number of teeth
42 teeth

Black phase and gray phase wolves

Breeding season
February to March
 puppeekingoutofden Gestation period
63 days

When born, pups are limited to whimpers and yelps

Weight at birth
1 pound
 dirtyfemale2_withpups_deancluff Litter size
4 to 6 pups


Pack size 
2 to 30 or more

Average pack size 
5 to 8

Sample map of wolf pack territory boundaries

Pack territory size 
25 to 150 square miles in Minnesota 
300 to 1,000 in Alaska and Canada
 mexican-wolf-agfd Average travel speed 
5 miles per hour
 idaho_wolfrunning Sprinting speed 
36 to 38 miles per hour for short distances

North American elk

Common food 
ungulates (hoofed animals like deer, moose, caribou, elk, bison, musk-oxen)
 wcs_1998 (65) Main threats to survival
loss of habitat due to destruction, development and encroachment by humans; persecution by humans