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Africa at a glance

Gray wolf populations in Africa are minimal with small, endangered populations in Egypt and Ethiopia, based on new genetic findings about the golden jackal  (Canis aureus) which is now thought to be a gray wolf (Canis lupus).  Also in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) is really a jackal.

Read the Current Biology scientific report, Genome-wide Evidence Reveals that African and Eurasian Golden Jackals Are Distinct Species

In Brief
Koepfli et al. assess divergence between golden jackals (Canis aureus) from Africa and Eurasia using data from the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. They show that African and Eurasian golden jackals are genetically distinct and independent lineages, and that African golden jackals likely represent a separate species.

Species Information

Common name: gray wolf
Latin name: Canis lupus

Artist's rendering of an Egyptian wolf

Artist’s rendering of an Egyptian wolf

Golden Jackal (Canis aureus)

Golden Jackal (Canis aureus)
Photo by Lee R. Berger

Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis)

Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis)

Gray Wolf Region 1 – Egypt
Common name: Egyptian wolf
Latin name: Canis lupus lupaster

Related Species – not currently recognized as a true wolf
Common names: Ethiopian wolf, Abyssinian wolf, ky kebero (Amharic), jedalla farda (Oromo), Simien jackal
Latin name: Canis simensis


Current Wolf Population, Trend, Status
Number of wolves: Unknown
Population trend: Unknown
Legal protection: No protection



Egypt Ethiopia